Monday, August 20, 2012

NATIONAL SEMINAR ROLE OF INDIAN POLICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

ROLE OF INDIAN POLICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

5 & 6, NOVEMBER 2012

A TWO DAYS NATIONAL SEMINAR AT B.S.M.P.G.COLLEGE, ROORKEE

 SPONSORED BY

  INDIAN COUNCIL FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, (ICSSR) New Delhi UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION, (UGC) NEW DELHI

Organized By

Department of Political Science

B.S.M.P.G.College, Roorkee Uttarakhand

 

 

Theme of the National Seminar

ROLE OF INDIAN POLICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

In a well-ordered democracy and welfare state the police is supposed to be a disciplined force trained to uphold the law and enforced democratic institution to function on constitution lines. In India the British colonial administration introduced a police system primarily to protect and defined the establishment. Conceived and structured as a staunch ally and the establishment spawned by it, the police system established by the act of 1861 matured in time into a veritable colonial law-and-order force. A sort of police raj did surely take shaped by 1947, where the police was a major player in the ordering of rural and urban society, in the suppression of political opposition and in consolidation of state control. Since independence the need for thorough reform has been felt and urged not only by civil society and academic observers but by the government itself. Recently once again the government has expressed its readiness to replace the archaic 1861 Police Act with a new law and to increase accountability and upgrade procedures to handle every day crime. Earlier initiatives like the national Police Commission in 1979, the Vohra Commission 1993, the Ribeiro committee 1998, the Padmanbhaiah Committee 2000 and the Human Right Commission have advocated this reform. But nothing has happened. Why it is so, and what are the emerging trends in the police system of India in the absence of such reforms are issues of serious concern for all those interested in the working and consolidation of democracy in India. Fortunately some of the senior police officer, former and present, themselves has shown interest in the urgent need for reforms. The book under review by a former senior police officer is an example of such a senior concern. Police and Politics in India, written by Kripal Dillion , a former senior police officer, is as a social science analysis of the working of the police in India in a wider perspective taking into account the historical evolution of the police system in India, the social fabric in which it works, the rules and regulations that determine its structure and government its processes, the political atmosphere that influences and limits its working and behaviour. The author traces the evolution of the Indian Police structured as a staunch ally and defender of the British rule and the establishment spawned by it and latter becoming the protector of law and order and defender of citizens rights in the welfare state of independent India, The author, rather than simply analyzing the police organization and its style of functioning, takes into account the social and political environment in which it has to work, analyses the whole administrative structure and legal system of the polity and looks into that the working of the police at the state and center levels. Tracing the process of transfer of the administrative and police system from a colonial coercive state to an independent welfare state, the author finds that no change was made in the bureaucratic and police structure. Accordingly, unlike the police in mature democracies, the Indian police continue to be answerable to civilian bureaucrats, both in the district and at the state levels, rather than to the legislature. Not only do the antiquated police acts of 1861 remain in force, the colonial system of criminal justice too survives in full measures decades after the new constitution came into force. In fact, the gulf between the police and their police has grown, not diminished. The police are now more wary, more distrustful and more alienated in respect of the police.

The concept of human rights has come the declaration of American independence in 1776.The Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was adopted on 10th December,1948.Human Rights in India Related issues were created by social and religious movements in India during the 18th and 19th centuries. The abolition of sati (1829) the formation of the torture commission in the Madras Presidency in 1855. introduction of widow remarriage by legislation (1856),and prohibition of child marriage(1929).The protection and preservation of Human Rights from the very basis of the human civilization .Right to decent life, protection from ill health and unemployment, freedom of expression, right to education ,social security and others many rights .  These rights are inherent to every individual and for this reason it is called Human Rights, Human Rights are very much essential for a good and qualitative human survival liberty of the individual and respect for his dignity. These principles have been enshrined in the fundamental rights. The constitution of India has made provision for a specific fundamental rights that a citizen cannot be compelled to be a witness against himself the Indian Police act , under which the entire police organization in India derives its legitimacy and the policemen their powers of function, prohibits unwarranted personal violence by police officers to any person in police custody. Their punitive procedures, both administrative and judicial, in case of complaints of custodial violence. Custodial violence is anathema in any civilized society. It is ironic to see that whereas the state is the guarantor and protector of human rights, most of the cases are registered against the state itself, which concern the violence of human rights. The image of the police in public mind is not much different from that in the British period, when it was used to suppress the people with an iron hand. People still perceive the police as brutal, corrupt and inefficient. In fact the police have shown all the three faces, i.e., as a savior, a victim and an abusing force, in the domain of human rights violations in our country. The observance of human rights by the police has already become mandatory by law and they have no choice in the matter. Any violence will invite legal action and punishment. This issue basically involves a question of values and ethics. The British policeman, nicknamed Bobby, has earned the reputation of being extremely civil, courteous and well mannered. His Indian counterpart can do the same provided the officers in uniform become the vanguards of positive values. The NHRC has been doing commendable work in continuously encouraging the police forces of various states, through their high ranking officers, in spreading human rights education. The commission also organizes and supports various seminars aimed at making police personnel aware of the importance of human rights. Custodial violence has attracted the attention of the number of custodial deaths which have been reported in the media.  The number  of  deaths in police custody as reported to the  NHRC has shown a  decline in a number of states, with Bihar, Kerala, Orissa, M.P, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamilnadhu, Karnataka, and Pondicherry, The Human Rights Commission recommended  lots of suggestion to Indian Police . NHRC favour of depoliticisation of the higher ranks of the police .It has suggested that frequent  transfers of the state police chief should be discouraged, police should be made less authoritarian, yet more accountable, and the investigated branch should be separated from the law and order handling, and thus it should be insulted extraneous pressures. The police definitely needs to change its image, and human rights education can play a meaningful role in remodeling the image of the police.

 

Sub -Themes of Seminar are as follows:

 

1.      Concept of Human Rights and the role of Police officers in Protection of Human Rights.

2.      Police as Protectors of Human Right.     

3.      Media and Human Rights violation by Law Enforcement.  

4.      Legal Powers and Responsibilities of Police Officers in the Protection of Human rights 

5.      Police Leadership Imperatives in the Protection of Human Rights.

6.      Image Building Behavior patterns of the Police

7.      National Security Challenges and Police response

8.      Women Police as Change agents in Police Organization  

9.      Open Panel

 

Research Paper:

The last date of submission of Abstracts/Full Paper either in Hindi or English (Soft copy /Hard copy is 30 September, 2012. However you can submit the full text of your paper in softcopy in English (MS-Word, Font12 Arial)/Hindi (Krutidev10, Font 14) latest by 10 October, 2012 on e-mail:   drrajesh.paliwal@gmail.com or address given in the registration form.

 

Registration Fee:

Due to limited availability of funds, participants are advised to get sponsor themselves from their respective Institutions, however quality paper presenters shall be given an honorarium. To meet out the expenditures the following registration fee has been decided for participation.  The Registration fee is meant for a conference kit, a two days comfortable stay and food arrangement during the Seminar.

 

ü       600/Rs For Participant

ü       400/Rs for students/research scholars (on showing proof))

 

Venue:      CONFERENCE HALL B.S.M.P.G.COLLEGE, ROORKEE 

 

Travel information:                                                                                 Buses are regularly available from Delhi (ISBT, Anand Vihar), Lucknow (Kaisarbagh) ,Jaipur, Chandigarh and Dehradun. ROORKEE is directly connected by Indian Rail Network from Delhi, Jammu, Howrah, Mumbai, Tamilnadu. Some trains runs to Haridwar

                                                                                                                                               

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL SEMINAR

ROLE OF INDIAN POLICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

 

Organizing Committee

 

Chief Patron

 

Shri Manohar Lal Sharma, Advocate

Ex State Minister Uttrakhnad Govt.

President Management Committee

 

Patron/Chairman

Dr. Vipin Partap Gautam

Principal

 

Co-ordinator

Dr. Alka Tomer,

Associate Professor &

Head Political Science

 

Programme- Co-ordinators

Dr. Shikha Jain

Assistant Professor

Shri  Bijendra Singh

Assistant Professor

 

Convener/Organizing secretary 

 

Dr. Rajesh Chandra Paliwal

  Regional Director, Assistant Professor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL SEMINAR

ROLE OF INDIAN POLICE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

5& 6, NOVEMBER 2012

A TWO DAYS NATIONAL SEMINAR AT B.S.M.P.G.COLLEGE, ROORKEE

SPONSORED BY

·         INDIAN COUNCIL FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, (ICSSR) NEW DELHI

·         UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION, (UGC)  NEW DELHI

 

Registration Form

 

 

Name: …………………………………………………………………………………………..

Name of University/ Institute /Organization……………………………………………………

Age: ………….   Sex: …… ……………….......

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Address…

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

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Contact: Mob……………………………….Email:

Name of Spouse/Accompanied Person: ………………………………………………………..

 

Date/Time of Arrival at Roorkee…………………………Train/Bus…………………………

 

Registration Amount: INR ………………………… (In words)………………………………

Participation fee may be sent through DD in favour of Convenor/Organising Secretary , National Seminar, B.S.M.P.G.College Roorkee (Haridwar) Uttarakhand.

 

                                                                                                                                   

Signature

                                                                                                            Name:

                                                                                                            Date:

 

P.S.: Kindly send this filled in form as soon as possible to make better arrangement at the venue. You can submit via e-mail at drrajesh.paliwal@gmail.com

Please send/email the filled in form and feel free to contact for details

 

Dr. Rajesh Chandra Paliwal

         Regional Director, Assistant Professor Political Science

Convenor /Organising Secretary, National Seminar

Department of Political Science

B.S.M.P.G.College, Roorkee Uttarakhand

E-mail: drrajesh.paliwal@gmail.com

Contact- 09412439436, 8958581462, 

Thank You Mr Deepak Paliwal for sharing the information with us

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